We offer several options for pain management at our clinic.
Within your muscles, a trigger point is a painful, overstretched, and irritable muscle with a palpable knot that is the source of referred or localized pain. The referred pain from trigger points often feels like a pinched nerve in the lower back or the nerves in the back of the neck. In most cases, these trigger points develop from poor posture, direct muscle injuries, repetitive strains, or secondary spinal conditions, like herniated discs.
Trigger point injections are injections of local anesthetic with dextrose or saline, and in some cases may also include a low dose of cortisone. These injections are meant to relax the area surrounding the muscle spasm to improve blood flow and eliminate irritating metabolites. At Heal Sports Medicine, trigger point injections are just one of the many options we offer to our patients for pain management, and we would be happy tell you more next time you visit us in Mississauga, Ontario.
We also offer several other options for effective and ongoing pain management, including:
- Peripheral nerve blocks—These nerve blocks involve injecting local anesthetics with 5% Dextrose, and in some cases may also include cortisone, to reduce and/or eliminate nerve block pain. When a nerve becomes irritated, it may send excessive signals of pain to the nervous system. Peripheral nerve blocks essentially “block” these pain signals to provide relief. Please note that these injections are reserved for cases of chronic pain when other treatment options have failed. These nerve blocks have become an effective form of pain management for those with back, neck, shoulder, hip, face or jaw pain, as well as sciatica, fibromyalgia, shingles, and more.
- Corticosteroid injections—Belonging to the steroid family of medications, cortisone is a generic term that refers to medications like Medrol and Kenalog. The main use for cortisone is to suppress and decrease inflammation in injured tissue, which it does very effectively. In many cases, cortisone is used for pain management among those with tendonitis, bursitis, or arthritis, and for anyone with excessive scar and keloid tissue that formed following an injury or surgery. Please note that cortisone does not heal injured tissue, but rather suppresses the inflammation for prolonged periods of pain relief that promote recovery.
- Viscosupplementation—Viscosupplements are gel-like materials that can be directly injected into a dysfunctional or arthritic joint. Made from a material referred to as Hyaluronic Acid (HA), which is naturally found in the body, the purpose of viscosupplements is to increase the amount of the HA within the joint’s fluid, which can enhance the joint’s ability to handle stress and shock while increasing overall function. These injections have been shown to be most effective for those with mild to moderate arthritis and can offer relief in many cases for up to six months. These injections are repeatable, as long as they continue to provide relief.
If you have any questions about our options for pain relief and management, please reach out to us at Heal Sports Medicine today.